Glaucoma is mainly characterised by high intraocular pressure which will destroy the nerve fibres of the optic nerve, causing a gradual loss of the field of vision, first peripheral and then progressing towards central vision. Without treatment this can lead to complete blindness.

The prevalence of glaucoma increases in people over the age of 50. However, we also find glaucoma with normal intraocular pressure.

There are other types of glaucoma:

  • Chronic open-angle glaucoma (COAG, the most common)
  • Acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)
  • Secondary glaucoma
  • Neovascular glaucoma
  • Congenital glaucoma

It is important to have your IOP checked regularly because once you notice a decrease in vision, glaucoma is generally well advanced and the lost visual field can no longer be recuperated.

Early detection can prevent progression of the disease. Glaucoma is treated with eye drops that lower the IOP.

It can also be treated surgically by a small laser incision (iridotomy) promoting the circulation of the aqueous humour (intraocular fluid) in the eye and thus lowering the IOP.

None of these treatments cure glaucoma; they limit or stop the destruction of the optic nerve and thus avoid loss of vision.


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12 avenue Alfred-Cortot
1260 Nyon

Phone : 022 365 18 80
Fax : 022 365 18 81

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